What’s Anglish?

The aim of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from different tongues. Because of the fundamental adjustments to our language, to say that English people immediately speak Trendy English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The actual fact is that we now speak a world language. The Anglish project is meant as a method of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.

The goal of the Anglish project differs from individual to individual, however principally it is to discover and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural needs, and yet for others it is purely an fascinating diversion or pastime. Language performs a big role in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and shape it to our own wants or needs could be very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive end in itself, in as a lot as it provides an different outlet for this need.

But there may be additionally the additional concept that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of recent English. For, although it has borrowed 1000’s and 1000’s of words all through its life, there still exists a true English core to English, the most important everyday words which no sentence or uttering may manage without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us higher recognize that core and the role it plays in our language.

The very best way to find out the place a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most first rate desktop dictionaries will embody quick etymologies for many of their entries, which give a little knowledge of where the word arose from, and how it was used or written within the past. Some online dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such because the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The On-line Etymology Dictionary is maybe the best available online.

However these will only tell from where and when a word got here into English, however not whether or not it needs to be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and very basic words, akin to ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are indeed borrowed from Latin, but nobody would say these words usually are not English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed comparatively lately.

Where to draw the road between English and ‘borrowed’ is but an other area of personal selecting, and there are lots of views on this amongst Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek within the final eight hundred years should be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was brought into English to fill a genuine want or hole in vocabulary ought to be kept, but those words borrowed to “adorn” or “enrich” the language but in reality push out current words, needs to be weeded.

Are there really that many borrowed words in English?

Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from completely different languages during the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, however only about 25% of the words in English at the moment derive from such a root, and that includes those of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. That will sound like many, one in each 4 words, however not so much when one thinks that Latin and French each account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an other 6% of words, with the last 10% being from different languages, derived from personal names, or just unknown.

Nonetheless, as mentioned earlier, the core of the English language still principally consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.

When a word is taken out from English, where do replacement words come from?

There are lots of roots for words to switch these which have been removed from English. Sometimes, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can simply be switched for ‘everyday’ and ‘unlawful’ without shedding meaning or intelligibility. When there is not a readily available English word to be used, a new word must be discovered or made. Some old or obscure words will be introduced back to life and reused; new words could be calqued from English morphemes using the old word’s pattern; other occasions wholly new words, “neologisms,” might be put collectively from current words and affixes. None of these strategies are proper or improper, but each has its stead in making a wide and varied lexicon for Anglish, and each is used in accordance with the context and particular wants of a word.

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